In October 2017 Tropical Storm Nate pitched the USS Kittwake on its side and up against the reef.
As a result, diving the USS Kittiwake shipwreck now provides an entirely different scuba diving experience. Previously she rested squarely on her keel, much like she was still sailing on the surface of the sea. However, she now looks and feels much more like a shipwreck.
Furthermore, navigation in the interior of the ship is more interesting. Likewise the feel of the ship has changed completely. The angle of the decks, walls and ceilings challenge your orientation and gives you the sense of a “true shipwreck”. Coral and algae continue to grow, and more fishes can be seen in and around the ship.
USS Kittiwake. ASR-13. Grand Cayman
If you are wreck certified, shaft alley and the lower decks offer great opportunities for exploration. With numerous entry and egress points diving the USS Kittiwake is safe and quite interesting. Furthermore, the ship provides a great opportunity for training on wreck diving and exploration.
Whether you are a recreational or beginning diver to an experienced wreck diver, diving the USS Kittiwake offers a wonderful scuba diving adventure.
Diving the USS Kittiwake – History
The government of Grand Cayman sank the USS Kittiwake just off Seven
Engineering Logo, USS Kittiwake. ASR-13. Grand Cayman
Mile Beach in 2011. Previously, the ship had a 54-year career in the US Navy as a submarine rescue ship. This ship utilized scuba divers throughout her career in the US Navy. Now, fittingly, she serves scuba divers in the Cayman Islands.
The USS Kittiwake Shipwreck has matured gracefully since she has been sunk. Though the logo is all but gone in the engine room, mirrors are gone or broken, and the upper part of the ship trimmed to prevent hazards on the surface, the wreck maintains an elegant grace.
While diving the USS Kittiwake you will find the lower shaft alley and other areas in the lower part of the ship are a bit more difficult to navigate. However, this again makes the dive a bit more alluring and challenging. Entry into the lower portions of the ship requires a shipwreck certification and should not be entered without the requisite training.
In conclusion, I hope you can go to Grand Cayman and take the opportunity for diving the USS Kittiwake. It will be a memorable experience.
View my complete gallery of the USS Kittiwake prior to your dives to get the most from the experience.
We just completed another great trip to Maui, Hawaii, chasing the beautiful Scalloped Hammerhead Sharks. A few weeks before the trip, Deepblu asked me to take their Cosmiq+ Dive Computer out for a test. I readily agreed. I love trying out new gear.
In reviewing the Deepblu Cosmiq+ Dive Computer, I focused on several key capabilities:
The Deepblu Cosmiq+ Dive Computer comes in a compact case. The case contains the Dive Computer, screen protectors, charger, dry suit strap and a secondary wrist strap.
The screen is approximately 2.2 inches/55.8cm tall. The Deepblu Cosmiq+ Dive Computer comes in a variety of strap colors and matching screen surrounds. The Cosmiq+ also includes a Social Platform for logging and sharing dive information.
The Cosmiq+ only has two adjustment buttons on the computer. Most settings require the use of an Android or iPhone smartphone to adjust. Only adjustments to Nitrox settings can be made on the computer itself.
The Cosmiq+ Dive Computer screen includes readings for no-deco time remaining, dive time, depth, Nitrox % (if applicable). There are also readings for water temperature and ascent time. Furthermore, due to the size of the display all readings are clearly displayed and easy to read.
The Cosmiq+ Dive Computer does not support technical diving. However, it provides modes to use as a dive computer, backup depth gauge, freediving watch and as a regular watch.
The Cosmiq+ Dive Computer stores the last 25 dives in its logbook for quick reference. The computer enables uploading logs wirelessly to the Deepblu Social Application. This application enables divers to keep and share dive logs with your dive buddies. The social aspect is an interesting addition and seems to be popular, especially with younger divers.
Cosmiq+ Dive Computer What I Like
At a price of $349, the Cosmiq+ Dive computer is a very interesting option for scuba divers. It has all the capabilities needed for a beginning / occasional scuba divers and even advanced scuba divers.
The Cosmiq+ uses the Bühlmann ZHL-16C Decompression Algorithm model. While this model is conservative, you can switch to the Progressive mode. As a result, you will be able to extend your bottom time. In the Progressive mode, the watch performed very closely to my Suunto Steel in the Aggressive mode.
However, before changing safety settings divers should make sure they are well trained regarding decompression sickness. Scuba divers using the progressive mode should be in good shape and very comfortable with diving.
The Cosmiq+ Dive Computer is rechargeable via a cable with a magnetic connector. Over my two-week trip, I recharged the computer four times. While, the Cosmiq+ reportedly holds about 7 hours on a charge, I never exhausted the battery before recharging.
Another neat feature of the Cosmiq+ is the ability to push updates to the computer via Bluetooth. This OTA (Over the air) capability keeps the computers software up to date. This is a feature that I really like and it is similar to my Suunto Steel. This feature enables Deepblu to provide ongoing updates to the computer. As a result the Cosmiq+ Dive Computer can easily stay current with new features and capabilities being delivered by Deepblu.
During the Dive
The large display on the watch is easy to read underwater in most situations. However, in bright sunlight the display was a bit more difficult to read. Consequently, on a safety stop, you may need to shade the computer to easily read the screen. Reading the computer display directly in the sun during your surface interval can also be challenging.
I adjusted the safety setting on the Cosmiq+ to the progressive mode. Furthermore, for Nitrox dives, I set the PPO setting to 1.6, which is the same setting I use on my Suunto Steel. My dives were on average around 55 minutes and I had no problem staying within the nodeco timeframe.
On non-technical dives, I make sure I do not get any closer than 5 minutes to no-deco time. On any deep dives, or consecutive deeper dives, I use Nitrox. I again manage my dive time and depth to make sure I stay out of deco mode. Consequently, during this trip Nitrox was important, since the Scalloped Hammerheads are often at 60 to 100 feet. If I was using air, I would have had an issue with the no-deco time. My air dives times would have been cut short, or I would have had to stay much shallower.
Certainly, I highly encourage any diver to become Nitrox certified. Nitrox is a very safe gas. It allows you to dive safely for longer periods of time at depth of up to approximately 130 feet. Note: This assumes a PPO setting of 1.6 and a Nitrox mix of 32%.
Cosmiq+ Dive Computer Ease of Use
Ease of use is very important to me. I carry a large underwater camera housing with strobes attached. Consequently, I need my dive computer to be readily accessible and easy to read. I don’t like looking for a computer that is attached to my regulator.
With a quick glance at the Cosmiq+ Dive Computer, I see my total dive time, depth and no-deco time remaining. The large screen made reading my dive related information quite easy.
While the strap is a bit different, it was fairly intuitive. The strap held the Cosmiq+ exactly where I wanted it. I wore the computer in both a normal watch position and mounted on the inside of my wrist. I found I could read the display easily in either position.
What Could be Better
First of all, the magnet on the charger for the Cosmiq+ Dive Computer is a bit weak. It can be easily knocked off the watch which will cause the charging cycle to stop.
Setting the computer to use Nitrox is a bit clunky. You can only adjust the mix in one direction. Therefore, if you accidentally set the mix to high, you must cycle back around to the correct number.
Furthermore, the computer does not have an air integration option. Adding a transmitter to provide tank pressure, would be great. This is especially important for divers that want to have all their dive related information in a single device.
Likewise, the Cosmiq+ does not have navigation capabilities. Again, I prefer a dive computer that includes everything in a single device. However, price could become an issue as additional features are added. Maybe a Cosmiq+ 2.0 is in the works with both air integration and navigation. That would be cool.
Cosmiq+ Dive Computer Summary
In summary, I find the Cosmiq+ to be a good dive computer. It is best suited for the recreational scuba divers up to the advanced, non-technical diver. The price is reasonably competitive. Therefore, if you are willing to have multiple gauges, take a serious look at this dive computer. Alternatively, this dive computer could provide an economical backup computer for an advanced diver using air or Nitrox.
Back in Maui and I cannot wait for my first Scalloped HammerheadShark dive off of Molokai. We come back here each year for this dive and it is one of my favorite dives on the planet. The rich biodiversity of this dive site, the great topography and of course, the Scalloped Hammerheads.
Scalloped Hammerhead Shark, Sphyrna lewini, Molokai Hawaii, Mokuho’oniki Rock
I have been diving on this site now for over 10 years and it never gets old. It is an advanced dive and the seas can be quite rough but oh, what a dive. If you get the chance to dive here, I highly recommend it.
I dive the site with Lahaina Divers, which is the only dive operator on Maui that goes to this site. Lahaina Divers is a great dive company, extremely professional and competent with a number of diver professionals that have been on Maui for a number of years.
Mokuhooniki rock is situated off the northeastern point of Molokai in the Pailolo Channel. The trip takes about an hour from of Lahaina Harbor. You do a two-tank dive on the site with a surface interval of about 45 minutes. I dive this on Nitrox to help with bottom time, especially given the short surface interval. This will also allow you to descend to depth when needed for that perfect shot. The dive site ranges from 60 to 110 feet although at the end of the dive you could be in water that is over 150 feet.
The Scalloped Hammerhead Shark, Sphyrna lewini is an amazing creature. The adult can reach up to 14 feet in length but those found around Mokuhooniki rock tend to be around 6 to 10 feet in length. They typically can be found swimming alone or in small groups of 2 and 3s. However, there are times when these sharks begin to gather especially towards the summer where you can see dozens swimming together on this site.
Interaction – Scalloped Hammerhead Shark, Sphyrna lewini, Molokai Hawaii
shark with their GoPro hoping for that amazing shot. The result, of this behavior, is the shark will turn and swim away and deny the rest of the dive group a chance to interact with the shark. The best way to observe most sharks is to stay still or move slowly. The Scalloped Hammerhead is curious and if your dive group is still and chill you may well get an encounter you will never forget. I have had these marvelous sharks circle me for over 7 minutes on on a dive. But again, your group typically needs to be very relaxed to be able to get these sharks interact with you and the rest of your dive buddies.
I like to stay around 60 to 65 feet and look into the blue to spot the sharks. When I see some that are close or look like they may come in close I slowly descend to their depth, typically about 80 to 90 feet. However, these sharks can be anywhere in the water column so make sure you keep your head on a swivel. I like to stay on the outside of the dive group and towards Molokai on this dive. Typically, I stay about 10 meters away from Dive Master. This position allows me to better interact with the sharks without worrying as much about other divers behavior. However, you will encounter sharks close to Mokuho’oniki Rock and in the middle of the channel. So don’t worry, just keep looking and watching your dive guide.
This is amazing dive site. Take your time and enjoy.
A south swell has been running for several days with the wind blowing briskly out of the north. It is Friday morning and I am looking forward to scuba diving with the Hammerhead Shark. The dive site for today is about an hour from Lahaina Harbor across the Pailolo Channel and on the northeastern end of Molokai. This dive will take approximately five hours from the time we leave the harbor until our return.
I checked into the Lahaina Divers shop, whom I highly recommend, around 6:50 am. I have been diving with them in Maui for over 10 years. They have great boats and a skilled and highly professional crew. Lahaina Divers is the only dive operation that has a regular Hammerhead Shark dive to Molokai. After checking in, I park my car and then head down to the boat slip. After all of the divers are aboard and a short safety briefing from the crew we head for Molokai. A
Scalloped Hammerhead Shark – Encounter with 12 foot female
few of the divers on board have done this dive, including myself, many times. However, for most on board this will be their fist dive on Molokai and the first time with Hammerhead sharks.
The boat heads toward the dive site, staying close to the western shore of Maui, until we are almost directly across from the dive site. The boat then makes a sharp turn to cross the channel. The seas are running four to six feet with an occasional swell in excess of eight feet. Some first timers on the boat get a bit nervous. It takes about 25 to 30 minutes to cross over to Molokai and by that time a couple of divers on the boat that are sea sick. This channel is one of the roughest in the Hawaiian islands. Its name literally means “crazy fishermen”. Because if someone was going to go fishing across this channel they must be crazy.
Scalloped Hammerhead Shark – Exploration
The captain of the boat gives us a 10 minute warning telling us it is time to put on our gear and get ready to enter the water. We put on our wet suits, BC’s, and fins while sitting in assigned stations on the boat. The water is rough so we wait on the crew to help us stand up and move into position at the back of the boat. But, we don’t enter yet. We wait for the captain to move the boat into position and give us the signal to enter the water. The crew tells us “1 minute”, “30 seconds”, “captain divers are ready”, then we wait for the captain. The back of the boat swings round toward the islet, then the captain yells “dive, dive, dive”. Our group jumps almost in unison and we are all in the water within 15 seconds.
The surface is choppy and after making sure all divers are OK, we rapidly begin our descent. The water is light to medium blue for the first thirty to forty feet with rays of sunlight filtering around us. Then the water begins to slowly darken as we descend on the dive site know as Fish Rain. The reef is on our right and blue water is to the left. The bottom slopes gently downward from about 40 feet to around 120 feet. While I love the reef, I constantly look into the blue, hoping to see a Scalloped Hammerhead Shark.
Fish Rain is located on Mokuhooniki Rock and is one of the most bio-diverse dive sites on the planet. The density of marine species, the health of the corals and the presence of pelagics make this a must dive. But, again we have come to see the Hammerhead Shark.
Scalloped Hammerhead Shark Close Up
The dive starts out in the lee of the islet which is somewhat protected from the crazy waters of the Pailolo Channel. While this site can on rare occasion be like glass, it most often has swells of 2 to 4 feet and can grow on occasion to well over 6 feet. This is not a dive for the novice diver. This is an advanced dive and anyone thinking about going should carefully consider their level of experience and confidence.
You enter the water quickly from a moving boat a quickly descend to around 50 feet. After your dive group assembles you will slowly make you way around the Islet in an arc. The dive is a drift dive and can be one of the most difficult dives you will every make due to the entry into and exit from the water. Again this dive is not for the novice, but oh what a dive. I have been on this site dozens and dozens of times yet it never ceases to amaze me.
Scalloped Hammerhead Shark
Scalloped Hammerhead Shark In Close
The Scalloped Hammerhead (Sphyrna lewini) is a species of hammerhead shark, and part of the family Sphyrnidae. This shark can be found over continental and insular shelves and in nearby deeper water. It is found in warm temperate and tropical waters, worldwide from 46°N to 36°S. It can be found down to depths over 500 m (1,600 ft), but is most often found above 25 m (82 ft). During the day, they are more often found close to shore, and at night, they hunt further offshore. Adults are found alone, in pairs, or in small schools, while young sharks occur in larger schools. see this Wikipedia article for more details on Scalloped Hammerhead Sharks
The Scalloped Hammerhead Shark in Hawaii has been known to reach lengths of up to 13 feet however 6-8 feet is typically the average. Near Mokuhooniki Rock, the Scalloped Hammerheads tend to be adults of 6 to 8 feet with the occasional shark measuring well over 10 feet. These sharks can be found from very near the surface to about 130 ft. We see them very often cruising just off the bottom of the channel between Molokai and Mokuhooniki Rock, where the depths run typically 100 to 130 feet. We will see them in groups of 1 to 3 but many times you can see groups of 5 to 10 and occasionally many more. On my best dive here I have just under 50 Scalloped Hammerheads and have been literally surrounded as I am taking photographs.
Observing Scalloped Hammerhead Sharks
These are magnificent creatures. It is a wonderful experience to remain absolutely still in the water and observe these sharks as they interact with you. I have have had many occasions where sharks have swam with me for 10 to 15 minutes. They are curious and will come in close to you and your group if you will remember a few key things:
Keep your head on a swivel as you dive. You want to be able to spot the sharks as soon as possible so your behavior does not cause them to move away from you
When you see the sharks and you see they are heading in the general direction of your group slow down immediately and/or stop and observe their behavior
If the sharks are moving away from your group keep swimming toward them and keep looking all around. There are more than likely other sharks near by.
Stay at 40 to 60 feet when you are looking for the sharks and then drop down to their depth when you see them. This will conserve air and reduce the danger of nitrogen narcosis
When the sharks are getting close to you stay still and let them swim to you. I was getting ready for a wonderful encounter with a 12+foot female Scalloped Hammerhead Shark when a person in our dive group start swimming rapidly down towards the shark to get their “go-pro” shot. The shark simply turned away and the diver probably did not get a good shot and the rest of the dive group was denied the experience of interacting with a large hammerhead.
The Pool Is Open
As I have said before, if not my very favorite, definitely in my top five. This site has an amazing reef, tremendous bio-diversity, a very healthy reef system, does not see many divers and it has ….. Scalloped Hammerhead Sharks.
If you are an advanced diver, this site is definitely for you. Maholo nui loa and safe diving.
Knob Hill is an interesting and very nice dive site. It is fairly shallow about 55 to 60 feet (16 to 18 meters) and teeming with life.
Knob Hill, Lanai
However, it is often not possible to dive on this site due to strong currents . Knob Hill is just off the coast of Lanai by the Four Seasons Hotel. Knob Hill’s name comes from a large rock formation near the surface that is supported by four columns. This is a large dive site on the south side of Lanai that is quite exposed. While, I have been diving around Lanai for 12+ years I have only been on this site three or four times.
Rating = 3.86 out of 5
Visibility – moderate to very good
Access – Moderate; boat only and 45 to 50 minutes from Lahaina Harbor
Current – moderate strong most of time
Depth to 60 ft / 18 m
Reef health Hard / Soft Corals – Very Good
Marine species variety – Very Good
Pelagics / Mammals / Turtles / Rays – moderate to good, typical at least 1 to 3 sightings up close, sometimes many more
The only reason Knob Hill is not rated higher, is the current makes it a very difficult dive site to dive 80% of the time. Correspondingly, if the current is mild this is an awesome site.
Knob Hill Overview
Knob Hill Reef
Knob Hill has a number of swim-throughs and volcanic structures, such as the “table” above that make the site quite interesting. The marine life on the site is varied and abundant. As a matter of fact, you will almost always find large schools fish. These schools typically consist of Pennant Butterflyfishes, Dascyllus, Yellow Tangs, Sea Turtles, White-tip Reef Sharks, various eels and much more. Once the boat is on the mooring at Knob Hill, the dive master make take you on several different routes around this expansive dive site. Due to the current and infrequent visits by divers, the hard coral here is quite healthy. In addition, there is a nice swim through / cave where you can frequently find White-tip Reef Sharks. Furthermore, you can also see quite a few nudibranchs on this site and rare species such as the endemic Yellow-striped Coris and Reticulated Butterflyfish.
White-tip Reef Shark, Profile, Triaenodon obesus, (Rüppell, 1837), mano lalakea, Lanai, Hawaii
In addition, Knob Hill has a nice swim through on the site where you can many times find White-tip Reef Sharks. In fact, this shark, in particular, was quite curious and swam with me through the swim through. He even gave me a nice profile. 🙂
Scuba Diving Molokai can be awesome, especially at Mokuhooniki Rock. In fact, the reef is one of the most interesting that I have dove on anywhere on the planet. Specifically, the variety of marine species, the isolation and relatively untouched environment make this a one of a kind location. But,……we all come for the Hammerheads.
Mokuhooniiki Rock, Molokai
Mokuhooniki Rock or islet is located at 21 07′ 40″N, 156 42’20″W just off the North eastern coast of Molokai. Also known as Fish Rain, this site is one of my top ten scuba diving sites in the world.
Specifically, interacting with such a variety of marine life combined with large pelagic species makes this place special. In fact, when scuba diving Molokai Mokuhooniki Rock, you encounter Hammerhead sharks on almost every dive. Moreover, you will also see a rich and diverse ecosystem. To illustrate, large schools of Damsels, Butterflyfishes, along with Dolphins and Tiger Sharks inhabit these waters. As a matter of fact, you will be hard pressed to find other more diverse dive sites.
As I stated before, the abundance and variety of marine life in such a pristine condition are exceptional. If you are on Maui and you are an advanced diver, you simply must do this dive.
Scuba Diving Molokai – The Adventure
Spinner Dolphins Molokai Hawaii
Scuba Diving Molkai can be adventure diving at its peak. First of all, it takes about 45 minutes to an hour to go from the harbor in Lahaina to Mokuhooniiki Rock. Secondly, crossing the Pailolo (means crazy fishermen) channel alone can bring seasoned divers to their knees. It can be quite rough. This is not a beginners dive site. In fact, even if you are an advanced rated diver it can be challenging.
Thirdly, you should be extremely comfortable exiting a moving boat and reentering a moving boat in potentially rough and choppy seas. While, I have been on this site dozens of times and it can be like glass, it is extremely rare. The site can also have 6+ foot waves. I have seen divers break ribs on their reentering the boat. While others become extremely agitated and near panic on the pick up.
I remember one dive in particular where the waves, even in the lee of the rock, were running about 8 to 10 feet. While the boat came around to pick us up I was literally on the top of one wave. I was literally looking down at the captain of the boat. Who by the way, was on the top deck of a double deck dive boat. In fact, the boat was some 5 feet or so below me in the trough of a wave. With this in mind, I thought this is going to be a very interesting pickup.
But……what a great scuba diving site.
When scuba diving Molokai, you enter the dive site typically in the lee of the islet on the right above. The
Scalloped Hammerhead Shark, Sphyrna lewini, Molokai Hawaii, Moku Ho’oniki Rock
crew will let you know about ten minutes before it is time to enter the water. At this point, they will begin lining you up at the back of the boat one at a time. You will have your mask and fins on, BC inflated. In addition, you will be holding anything you want to take into the water with you, including cameras.
If you have not entered a dive site from a moving boat before this will a bit of an adventure for you. Think of it as channeling your inner Navy Seal. When you are lined up at the back of the boat, the captain will swing the boat around. When the boat points toward the islet and all divers are ready, the crew will say Divers Ready.
Dive, Dive, Dive
They will then begin counting down two minutes, one minute, etc. When the Captain gives his ok the crew will give you a signal “Dive, Dive, Dive”. Do NOT enter the water before the crew has given you the OK, and said “Dive, Dive, Dive”. At this point, divers will quickly enter the water one after the other while the boat is moving.
Typically up to 8 divers may enter in 15 to 20 seconds. You will then meet you dive guide on the surface and all begin your descent together. You are usually on the surface no more than 30 seconds before beginning your descent.
And what a wonderful descent. The islet will be on one side and you will see a gradual slope towards the bottom beneath you. The
Fish Rain, Molokai Hawaii
depth is about 100 to 110 feet in the channel but only about 50 to 60 where you will be dropped off. When scuba diving Molokai, visibility is usually very good allowing you to see 100 to 150+ feet in the distance. And at Mokuhooniiki Rock there are fish everywhere.
The dive itself is basically a half-circle around Mokuhooniiki Rock and the boat will pick you up on the other side. Dive time is usually about 50 minutes give or take depending on depth of the dive and your air consumption. If you dive Nitrox, this is a great spot to use it as you can get a little more time at depth when looking for the Hammerheads. I usually hang out to the left of the group as I don’t want to have a lot of other divers close to me when I am trying to get a shot.
Getting the Shot
The Hammerheads sharks are a bit skittish. If you or someone in your group swims rapidly towards them, they will simply move away. While scuba diving Molokai, the key is to go slow and easy and be patient. As you start your descent from the boat you will follow the slope down to around 50 feet and then do one of two things. Either start swimming out into the blue and looking for the sharks, which we do many times on the first dive, or you will begin to swim around the islet.
There can be a bit of current here but usually it is not too bad. Or if there is a ripping current it is usually going the direction of the dive once you pass the corner of the islet and it simply becomes a drift dive. When Scuba Diving Molokai, you can see anything from dolphin, to Tiger Sharks (not often), to Greys, to Hammerheads, to a Monk seal. You may also encounter a variety of rays and there have even been a few rare Humpback Whale sightings while on the dive (December to April). The abundance of various fishes and eels will blow you away. There are also many endemic species on this site so be attentive and take your time.
Getting Back on the Boat
When you surface you will stay with your dive group until the boat comes to get you. You will need a safety sausage to go on this dive and at least one of you will inflate the sausage at the end of the dive to signal the boat. If it is rough it is very important to stay as close together as possible while you are waiting to be picked up. Their could be one or max two other groups in the water, so you may have to wait several minutes to be picked up. Again be patient.
The boat will come very close to you and throw a line out to the divers. You have to swim to the line and grab a hold and then begin to slowly move up the line towards the boat. You will take off your fins while you are holding on the line and have those in one hand to give to one of the crew as they help you aboard.
If you have a camera as I do, then you will give them your camera first to the crew and then take off your fins. Then you will proceed towards the boat and use a ladder to board. Scuba diving Molokai can be quite intimidating if you have never done something like this. However, the crew is exceptionally good at what they do. Listen to them and do as they say and you will be fine. Believe me this dive will be worth it.
Rinse and Repeat
After you finish your first dive and complete your surface interval, you will basically repeat the same dive on your second dive. But there is enough scuba diving Molokai to interest you no matter how many times you dive it.
After scuba diving Molokai you get to relax on the boat ride back to Lahaina and enjoy the other adventures that Maui has to offer.
Scuba Diving Lighthouse is always a treat. It is located off the island of Lanai which provides some of the better dive sites in Maui County.
Scuba Diving Lighthouse
Lighthouse is a great dive site that is not visited often due to the distance from Maui. I dive this site with Lahaina Divers, my favorite dive shop on Maui.
This dive is usually a drift dive charter that runs each Thursday. Check out Lahaina Divers, dive schedule for more information.
It is about an hour around to this site from Lahaina Harbor. In addition, it is usually a nice boat ride, but the channel between Maui and Lanai can be rough.
Therefore, if you are prone to sea sickness, make sure to take Bonine, ginger, use the patch, etc., before you get on the boat.
Lighthouse Rating: 3.11 out of 5
Lighthouse gets its name from a structure on shore that resembles a small lighthouse.
Scuba Diving Lighthouse
This dive site has a number of large boulders strewn around the bottom and has a wide variety of marine life.
Lighthouse can get blown out by wind and current and be very cloudy. Don’t worry, the boat captain and dive master will check out the conditions prior to getting in the water.
However, the conditions on my last dive were great. In fact, the sea was very flat, the current quite mild and visibility was 100+ feet.
It was a wonderful dive. Great marine life variety and a couple of sharks.
Scuba Diving Lighthouse: What You Will See
In addition, you can typically see smaller White-tip Reef Sharks, a wide variety of butterfly fishes, Triggerfishes and more. Specifically, make sure you check in the cracks and crevices. There you can find octopus, a wide variety of eels, crabs, shrimps and other small marine life. Also, the hard corals here are healthy and in good shape. This is due to receiving a large amount of nutrient and not having many divers on the site.
Whitemouth Moray Eel
Scuba Diving Lighthouse is a treat if you are going to be on the Maui for a few days. I usually dive on Lanai two or three times during each trip and Lighthouse is often the second dive on Lahiana Divers’ Lanai drift dive.
Candy Cane Shrimp off the Sheraton reef on Maui. I shot this photo on a night dive at about 40 feet. The image was taken using a Sigma 17-70 macro lens zoomed to 70mm.
Candy Cane Shrimp Black Rock, Maui Hawaii
I love night dives. They provide an opportunity to see many marine species that you do not encounter during the day. It is also a chance to see how the reef both sleeps and hunts. Shrimp, sleeping fish, hunting sharks along with many other nocturnal oriented species make night diving very different from a dive in the day.
The Candy Cane Shrimp is a colorful shrimp that inhabits the reef and can provide some very interesting photographs. I like the way the shrimp’s eyes reflect the reef. They seem to be somewhat curious and alien. In fact, the eyes of marine life make very interesting studies and provide great subject matter for photographers.
Check out other marine life photographs on my website.
The San Gabriel Fine Arts Association is hosting an exhibit titled Marine / Aquatic Exhibition from April 14 to May 23. The exhibit includes artwork that reflects a myriad of images and themes in the Marine/Aquatic environment including, Oceanic Scenery, Sea Animals, People at Sea, Marine Vessels and the Marine ecosystem.
I will have several aluminum prints on display including:
Star of India
Star of India
Predator – Hammerhead shark, Molokai Hawaii
Predator – Hammerhead Shark
Manta Ray Trio
Manta Ray Trio
The San Gabriel Fine Arts Association (SGFAA) is a non-profit organization, founded in 1965 for the purpose of promoting traditional fine art in the community and to provide a venue for member artists to show their work. The association maintains a large group of over 200 members and represents all of Southern California and several states.
The SSGFAA supports awareness and education in the arts from aspiring artists to professionals by providing a venue and platform for members to display their works, providing art classes and art demonstrations, and encouraging growth and exploration in various forms of art to our community.
In addition to my work their will be a number of other artists displaying a variety of photographs, paintings and other work. I would encourage everyone to go out and support the San Gabriel Fine Arts Association and their ongoing efforts at education and awareness of the arts in southern California.
The venue is at 320 Mission Deive, San Gabriel, CA the next door to the San Gabriel Playhouse and near the historic San Gabriel Mission and provides great ambience for the exhibit.
Come support the local arts community and enjoy historic San Gabriel.
All is quiet as the waves gently lap against the hull. The wind is blowing lightly and we sit in anticipation, watching and waiting. We know that they are there, beneath the surface, swimming just out of sight. We see distant plumes of mist as they surface to breath and we wait. There are muted conversations around the boat as we strain to find the light-blue discoloration on the surface of the water that marks their presence. Or look for their tails as they swim on the surface and then dive or search for that plume of mist as they breath. They are the gentle giants of the ocean. Magnificent creatures that captivate the imagination.
Suddenly just off the port side of the boat, he comes, a magnificent breach, displaying the raw power and agility of this wonderful creature. He rises swiftly into the air, spins and lands with a thunderous crash. The boat rocks from the impact of massive body against the surface of the ocean as everyone on the boat loudly exclaims the absolute joy of the moment. For a brief period of time we are one, sharing a bond, rejoicing together in the day. It is pure joy. Joy in the day, pleasure in the ability to rise out of the water, to proclaim to the world that I am here and life is worth living.
Seeing a Humpback whale breach almost gives me chills. There are many theories on why they breach, but the one I subscribe to is that they like it! You can almost see it in the small calf as he tries to rise out of the water or the might adult as he flies out of the water almost screaming with pleasure. It is definitely a most joyous moment and one I am inclined to believe that these whales really like to breach. It is fun!
The Humpback Whale is one of the most interesting whales to “watch”. These giants inhabit many of the worlds oceans.
DEMA 2014 is just around the corner in Las Vegas from Nov. 19 – 22. The Ocean Artist Society will have a large dedicated space for displaying artwork from various members and Wyland is planning to exhibiting the entire permanent fine art collection featuring many of the 262 current members. It is an amazing collection of paintings, photographs, sculptures, and other works of art that reflect our members’ vision and commitment to the conservation of our ocean.
According to organizers, the art show will be the largest, most comprehensive gathering of works from top ocean artists in DEMA history. “The idea behind the Ocean Artist Society began at DEMA,” says renowned artist and conservationist Wyland, who founded the OAS with Guy Harvey and Bob Talbot in 2003. “This showcase at DEMA, sponsored by SCUBAPRO, will put a spotlight on the very best work from the world’s most gifted artists.”
“Gill Rakers- Verge of Extinction” will be one of the photographs on display from the Steven W Smeltzer collection, so if you are in Las Vegas at the DEMA show please take the time to review this amazing collection.
Many words can be used to describe the Scalloped Hammerhead Shark. This apex hunter cruses about coastal warm temperate and tropical seas in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans between 46°N and 36°S from the surface to depths of 1,000 meters. It may enter estuaries or be found in the open ocean, in large groups in the Galapagos, Malpelo, Cocos and Revillagigedo Islands and within the Gulf of California. In Hawaii, on the island of Molokai, you can find groups of up to 60 or 70 sharks. However, at Molokai you are more likely to see solitary individuals or perhaps small groups of 4 to 10 sharks.
In March, I was diving with Lahaina Divers on Molokai and had one of the best shark dives ever, interacting with almost 40 sharks over the course of two dives. This dive site, off of Moku Ho’oniki rock on Molokai, is one of my favorite dive sites anywhere in the world. I have made dozens of dives on this site and while I thoroughly recommend it, it is not for the average recreational diver. While on many occasions this site can be reasonably calm (I have seen it where the surface is almost glass) it is one of the most unpredictable dive sites that I know. In fact, I have been waiting to get picked up by the dive boat, at this site, when I am literally looking down on the boat (a two decker by the way) from the top of a wave. The seas here can reach 10 feet in height or more and requires the diver to be experienced, confident, under control and above all willing to adhere to instructions given by the dive master and boat captain. If you are a novice diver, do not attempt to do this dive. I have seen inexperienced divers, break ribs and have extreme difficulty reentering the dive boat. So again, this is not a dive site recommended for anyone other than an advanced diver that has previous experience exiting and entering a dive boat while it is moving.
However, this is an awesome dive site. The drop off location is called Fish Rain, and has a depth of 30 to 40 feet at the entry point and as you descend and look up you will think it is literally raining fish. They are everywhere, the Hawaiian Dascyllus, all kinds of Butterflyfish, Angelfish, Moorish Idols, and many, many more. Dozens of individuals to large schools of schools of many types of fish inhabit this very unique environment. The site is to a depth of about 120 feet. The sharks can be found anywhere from a few feet from the surface to cruising about along the bottom. The site can have severe current, that can cause the inexperienced diver to rapidly consume their air supply. So again, this site is not for inexperienced divers.
When interacting with any shark, the key is patience. The Hammerhead shark in particular, is a fairly shy species and if you swim rapidly toward the shark you will more than likely not see much more than a brief glimpse. I have been on this site several times when an over anxious diver swims rapidly after every shadow they see and the rest of the divers do not see any sharks at all. However, if you are patient and slow in your approach you may be rewarded with a wonderful encounter.
On this particular dive, we entered at Fish Rain, in the “shadow” of Moku Ho’oniki that provides a fairly calm spot to exit the dive boat. As we descend I tend to stay on the outside shoulder of the dive master and about 30 to 50 feet from the nearest diver in the group. I am constantly looking out and down, hunting for the elusive Hammerhead.
In the distance is see several shadows coming in towards me at about 80 feet. I was hovering around 45 feet and dropped down slowly to “intercept” the group. As I was waiting for the group to get in range I looked back to my outside shoulder away from the rest of the divers and got a wonderful shot of this solitary shark coming in to check me out. I can tell this is going to be a wonderful dive. This particular individual swam with me at a distance of 10 to 15 feet from me for about 2 minutes and then gradually disappeared in the distance. I move quickly back up to about 50 feet to conserve my bottom time feeling awesome. We continued to drift with the current, which was really moving at this point, spotting several groups of 3 to 4 individuals and one group of eight sharks. I about 35 minutes into the dive, I saw another individual at about 100 feet and quickly dropped down to see if I could get some interesting shots. The black and white image above is of this shark at about 120 feet and while I was descending through about 100 feet. As I dropped down I kept checking around me and saw that four other individuals had now come fairly close to me from behind. I was able to get a nice shot of the “school” and when I turned back the other way there were six shots directly in front of me and a couple about 10 feet above me. Yahoo, what an awesome experience to encounter these marvelous creatures. I slowly started to ascend, to keep my computer out of deco, and watched as each of these groups faded slowly in the distance. During our two dives we counted well over 50 individual sights and estimate that we saw at least 35 individuals. It was an awesome dive and keeps me wanting to go back for more.
Reasons to Dance, a video created by the Ocean Artist Society’s, promotes the conservation of Manta Rays. There is much work to be done to protect these magnificent creatures.
As an Ocean Artist Society member, the Reasons to Dance film and ezine are both important and informative. We can only protect and help manage our resources if we have knowledge and understanding. Hopefully this film and ezine provide you with both. Manta Rays
The Oceanic Manta Ray, Manta birostris, can be found in the world’s major oceans from roughly 30 south latitude to approximately 40 north latitude. Though these rays are widely distributed their individual population groups are thought to be relatively small. These populations range from a 100 or less to as much as 1,000 individuals. Although the overall population size is unknown. The IUCN Red List, designates the Oceanic Manta Ray as Vulnerable due mainly to the significant amount over fishing in many areas. Furthermore, Manta Rays, command a high value in international trade. This is due mainly to the use of recent introduction of Manta’s gill rakers into Chinese traditional medicine.
This has led to unsustainable fishing activities in many traditional habitats for these beautiful rays. The rate of reduction appears to be especially high in some regions which have seen as much as an 80% reduction. Globally it is thought that as much as a 30% decline may have occurred. Populations in the Philippines, Indonesia and Mexico appear to have been depleted. Moreover, populations in Sri Lanka and India are believed to be decreasing.
In spite of these trials, recent progress has been made in Indonesia. In fact, Indonesia has created the world’s largest sanctuary for these wonderful rays, encompassing over 6 million square kilometers. A new Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) for sharks and manta rays went into effect in 2014 Reasons to Dance focuses on spreading awareness and conservation. Furthermore, these rules were based upon unprecedented cooperation between member countries.
In addition, Scuba diving tourism has proven to be a growing industry that has demonstrated significant, sustainable economic value. This is in contrast to the short-term commercial fishing opportunities. Tourism offers opportunities to generate economic benefit to countries. Additionally helping to sustain and grow population groups of Manta Rays. While tourism industries can negatively impact individual behavior and critical habitat, responsible development activities can provide local economic opportunities. At the same time, Tourism can help to protect these wonderful creatures.
Manta Ray ballet
Overall, we should take heart that some progress has been made. However, we must stay vigilant and continue to pressure governments to control and eliminate unsustainable fishing activities. We should instead focus on how we can co-exist with this wonderful species.
Feel free to contact me or any of the other Ocean Artist Members for more information. Visit my Manta Ray gallery for more photos of these amazing creatures.
Molokini Crater is one of my favorite dive sites in Maui County. The boat ride from Lahaina Harbor is around 45 minutes and provides spectacular scenery of the islands of Maui and Lanai. The crater has abundant hard corals on the inside and outside “wall” and provides great dive opportunities for both beginner and advanced divers. If you like a drift dive, then the outer wall dives are for you. If you like a dive taken at a more leisurely pace with lots of exploration, then the inside crater dives are great. There is a tremendous amount of marine life at the site, including anything from very small shrimps to a variety of sharks and rays, and, yes, even Humpback whales, which have been seen on very rare occasions.
There are a number of dive sites on the inside of the crater including Reef’s End, Enenui, Middle Reef, and Taco Flats. There is also a site near Enenui at about 110 feet that use to be referred to as Shark Condos, which as the name implies, is a rocky alcove where you can usually find 2 to 4 white-tip reef sharks. Unfortunately, many of the dive boats do not take divers to this depth.
From late December to early April you can usually hear the Humpback Whales singing throughout the dive, which is just awesome. I have seen a number of different sharks and rays on this site over the years and it is one of my favorite dive sites in Maui. Lots of “critters” to photograph and the coral is very healthy all around the crater.
I typically use Lahanina Divers when I go to Molokini Crater and they have always treated us very well. The captains are very experienced with the channels and conditions around Maui and manage the dives safely and efficiently. The boats are fairly roomy with ample space for gear and getting “kitted-up” prior to the dive. I have tried some of the dive operators off of Kihei, Hawaii, including the guy with the “fastest-boat on Maui”, but I find those boats a good bit smaller (they are launched from a boat ramp by Kihei) and very cramped. If you’re are staying in or near Ka’anapali or Lahaina, I highly recommend not making the drive to Kihei, but using a dive operator out of Lahaina.
It just goes to show you sometimes “mother nature” can be very funny and somewhat unpredictable.
I was on my second dive at Molokini Crater in Maui, Hawaii and exploring a number of the hard coral searching for octopus or other interesting marine life to get that one interesting shot. I was swimming a bit away from a small group of fellow divers and my ever trusty dive model when I spotted a Hairy Crabs in amongst the hard corals in the crater (sorry I have a soft spot for these somewhat under appreciated crustaceans). These crabs get their name from the “hair” on their claws. Well they were well hidden within the corals and I just could not seem to get the correct angle to get a good photo, so I decided to continue my search for other interesting “prey”. As I looked up to scan other marine life close by I had a very close encounter with what I can only describe as a somewhat amorous Scrawled Filefish.
Evidently as I was trying to get my shot at the crabs, the Scrawled Filefish may have seen its image reflecting off of my dome port. The file fish approached and looked like it was preparing for a kiss or at least a hungry embrace, only to bounce off of my dome port. I just had time to get a shot of the shocked look of a wounded and shunned lover.
We began a two week look at Maui, Lanai and Molokai reefs with a visit to Turtle Reef on Maui. Turtle Reef is located outside and to the south of the harbor in Lahaina. Furthermore, the name of this reef actually refers to a general area of reef on the western side of Maui. The site runs from just past the harbor in Lahaina to Ukumehama Beach State Park (also know as Thousand Peaks). In fact, this large area of reef has many dive spots and is relatively shallow with most of the dive under 35 to 40 feet. This is a great spot for chilling and the reef is in very good conditions in most areas. In addition, this site is popular for refresher dives and for completing the basic dives required for scuba certification.
The site can be a bit cloudy if the seas are choppy or you have a large swell, but for the most part visibility is reasonable. It is also a good place to see a wide variety of Hawaiian marine life. This site can be accessed from boat or shore. The trip fro the harbor is just about 10 minutes so an easy ride and a great way to spend an afternoon.
Five of the world’s seven species of sea turtles make their home in Hawaii. These include the Green Sea Turtle (honu), Hawksbill (honu‘ea), Leatherback, loggerhead, and Olive Ridley. However, the green sea turtle is by far the most commonly encountered sea turtle on Hawaiian reefs. The next most common is theHawksbill. Olive ridley, Leatherback, and Loggerhead sea turtles are typically found in deeper, offshore waters. Consequently they are rarely seen by the average ocean-goer. On Maui, sea turtles are a favorite discovery of snorkelers and divers on the island’s South and West coastlines.
Up later in the week are dives on Molokini Crater, Lanai, other areas of Maui and Molokai (looking for those Hammerheads).
If you are heading Hawaii and looking for places to dive, consider these top Hawaiian dive sites. There are many great dives sites to visit. However, for me, the top Hawaiian Dive Sites are on Lanai, Molokai, Maui and the Big Island of Hawaii.
However, advanced /experienced divers must head for Molokai and Fish Rain. This is the place for Hammerheads. Fish Rain is a beautiful pinnacle that literally “rains” fish as you look for the elusive Hammerhead sharks.
Furthermore, on Maui, there are several good places. Two of my favorites are Molokini Crater and Mala Pier. You can dive Mala Pier as either a boat dive or a shore dive. However, it is really a great night dive. In fact, it is one of my favorite spots in Hawaii. Easy entry (off the boat ramp) and usually great visibility. The site almost always has sharks and turtles. Also, it has great ambient light for photography.
On the Big Island, you have to do the Manta Dive. Check out the phases of the moon (seriously) before you go. It seems that the Mantas can be seen more in the waxing and waning phases of the moon. Furthermore, you can also check on daily sightings and help determine when it is your best chance at seeing the most Manta Rays.
For information on other dive sites go to my Hawaii Dive Sites page.. and visit my website for images of fish from around the world and reviews of other great dive sites.
Bali’s coral reefon Menjangan Island hosts some of the most beautiful coral reefs in the world. Menjangan Island has been a marine preserve and protected by the Balinese government for a number of years. The island is also fairly isolated in that once you arrive at the airport you have to travel 4 to 6 hours by car to get to the resorts close to the island. This means their are few divers that explore this marvelous site that is rich with all types of marine species and you can also on special occasions come across large pelagic species such as the whale shark.
Menjangan Island Scuba Diving History
Menjangan Island, in the north-west of Bali, is where diving first really started on the island back in about 1978, under the sponsorship of the Indonesian Navy, when it arranged a get-together of the country’s main diving clubs – Possi, Ganesha, Nusantara & Triskati.
That lead to Menjangan Island establishing itself as the premier dive location in Bali and many of the attendees went on to become the pioneers of commercial dive operations across Indonesia. About a year later the Liberty wreck was explored for the first time since it had slipped down the slope at Tulamben in March 1963 and Menjangan Island was soon relegated to the background of Bali diving.
Menjangan Island, Gorgonian Fan
Menjangan Island is part of the 19,000 hectare West Bali (Bali Barat) National Park that was first established in 1982. However, the island was made a game reserve by the Balinese Council of Kings in 1950 and has been fairly well protected ever since. Both the relative difficulty of getting to the Menjangan Island from the normal tourist spots on Bali plus the fact that the site has been relatively protected since 1950 has resulted in a coral reef that is both vibrant and flourishing around the island. The Liberty wreck in Tulamben is also still a favorite dive site, but has a very high amount of diver traffic and the site has predictably shown quite a bit of wear and tear.
Getting to Menjangan Island
If you are in the Nusa Dua, Kuta or Sanur area it will normally take you around 3.5 hours assuming no bad “jams” as the locals refer to the often crowded conditions of the roads on Bali. It can take up to six hours if the roads and traffic do not cooperate. The best alternative is to stay at a local resort while diving on the north side of the island. The Matahari Beach Resort and Spa in Permuteran is one of my favorites and is located next to the Coral Project in Permuteran Bay. The hotel is definitely 4 to 5 stars and the largest of the resorts on this side of the island with excellent service, food and access to diving sites. I love the dive operator on the property, a Swiss German expat, who runs a very competent organization.
Getting to the Dive Sites
You can reach the dive sites via boats off the coast of Pemuteran Bay in front of the dive resorts or a boat from Banyuwedang Bay or perhaps the boat service run by the parks service. If you are staying at one of the resorts around Pemuteran Bay, taking the boat in front of your resort is the way to go. The boat trip is about 30 to 40 minutes and the seas are usually fairly flat as the area around Menjangan Island is fairly well protected.
Diving is great year round and even in the “rainy winter season” the visibility is normally quite clear. The island is not large and does not have much fresh water runoff that will impact visibility. There can be some current on various sites around the island so you may dive some of the sites as drift dives. Remember to listen to the instructions of your dive master and enjoy the dive.
Magical and almost mystical, the kelp forests of California provide a unique and interesting habitat that stirs and inspires the imagination. Giant Kelp Forests, Macrocystis pyrifera, thrive along the western coast of North America, South America, South Africa, Southern Australia, and New Zealand
Kelp forest, Macrocystis pyrifera, Southern California
where water temperatures typically range from 50° to 60° F (10°–15.5°C). The Giant Kelp can also thrive in depths up to 30.5 m (100 ft.) depending upon the clarity of the water and the amount of sunlight available at depth. As the largest kelp species, giant kelp attains heights up to 45.7 m (150 ft.) and in ideal conditions, giant kelp fronds can grow as much as 0.6 m (2 ft.) per day.
Swimming through these magnificent kelp forests is special. With their tree-like structures swaying gently in the current, the
Kelp forest photograph, Macrocystis pyrifera, Southern California
Giant Kelp provides a perfect habitat for a wide variety marine creatures. These life sustaining structures provide a critical foundation habitat to a number of fish, crustaceans, sea anemones, corals, jellyfishes, sea otters and much more.
Giant kelp is golden brown with rootlike holdfasts, long, branched stipes and hundreds of wrinkled blades supported by bulb-shaped pneumatocysts. It is an awesome experience to swim silently amongst these kelp forests as they gently sway with the current. The light is subdued and somewhat distorted amongst the “branches” of the Giant Kelp and resident species of fish dart to and fro. Visibility can range from a few inches to almost 60 feet depending upon the current and waves and whether the bottom is mainly sand or rock/coral. With colorful Gerabaldi swimming around you along with a number of other species this makes a really interesting dive.
Although the water temperature is cool to cold and you must wear a 5 to 7 mil wetsuit this is a dive that you should make a least once and if you are lucking enough to live along the California coast or the west coast of Latin America this should be a regular part of your diving.
I had a lot of fun putting these images together and creating some really interesting fine art and vintage photos of the Carthaginian II shipwreck in Maui Hawaii. When I dive on a particular site a number of times I tend to equate a certain feel or mood for the site. The Carthaginian II, originally a German cement transport ship, is almost 100 years old and was originally built and launched in 1920. The ship was purchased by the Lahaina Restoration Foundation and extensive refitted to make the ship resemble a 1800’s period whaling ship. The ship was
Carthaginian, At the Dock, Maui Hawaii
used as a floating museum in the harbor of Lahaina for over 30 years. Remembering the ship floating in the harbor and now seeing her laying on the sea floor just outside of the harbor brings up a certain sense of nostalgia.
Age and Mystery
What I wanted to create was a sense of the age of the ship and the purpose that she served in Maui and even in Hawaii more generally. When I dive on the ship, although she is not large, I sometimes get a sense of the “ghosts” of periods past associated with this aging wreck. The ship’s main mast collapsed in the summer of 2011 and is now situated on top of the ship. The hold is buckled significantly but makes a great shot if you lie down on the floor of the cargo hold of the ship. There are a number of
In the Hold, Carthaginian II
hard corals that have attached themselves to various portions of the wreck and you can usually find a reasonable variety of marine life on board.
To get the feel I was looking for in Vintage Carthaginian II, I choose to take a number of wide angle shots where I can see the entire ship and also a few photos where I would have interesting features that would lend themselves to a sense of age and provide a certain forlorn aspect to the photo. As many of you can appreciate, getting a great photo to work with is the first part of the endeavor and I then went to work in Photoshop to give the images the exact look
Discovery, Carthaginian II
and feel that I wanted. As I began to work
with the images I kept coming back to black and white images with good contrast with interesting textures and/or features to bring out the moodiness of the dive site. These photos will go well with whale song form the Humpbacks that you can typically hear if you dive the site from late December up to late April or May.
I hope will agree the final images for Vintage Carthaginian II provide a sense of mystery and intrigue as well as a sense of discovery. Though the ship continues to age and various parts continue to deteriorate the wreck still continue to be a
Carthaginian II Study in Abstract
great dive for a long time. The key on this dive as most dives is to go very slow. This is a small sight and while she lies at about 80 feet you still have plenty of bottom time to explore. Let you imagination run away with you and imagine the life of the whaler and the importance of whaling in the development of the Hawaiian Islands.