Some of the most interesting types of shipwrecks for scuba diving are the purpose sunk ships that have been sunk to create artificial reefs.  This is a wonderful way for older ships to provide not only benefit to divers but also to a variety of marine life.

Select from the list below to view my Photo galleries of selected wrecks and unusual dive sites.

Caribbean

ShipwreckRating
Doc Poulson3.36
Oro Verde3.29
USS Kittwake4.13
xxxxx

California

ShipwreckRating

Hawaii

Shipwreck Rating
Carthaginian II3.59
Mala Pier3.29
xxxxx
xxxxx

Florida

ShipwreckRating

There have been and continue to be a large number of ships sunk to create artificial reefs.  Wikipedia provides a list of some of those wrecks including the HMAS (StevenWSmeltzer.com) Adelaide and the USS Kittiwake which were just sunk in 2011.

PADI and NAUI offer specialty wreck diving courses to train divers in “safety, hazards and cautions, special risks of overhead environments, entanglement, limited visibility, deep diving, equipment, location of wrecks, sources of information, search methods, underwater navigation, legal aspects, artifacts, treasure, salvage, archaeology, and much more”.

While more recent reefed ships such as the USS Kittiwake in Grand Cayman have been extensively prepared for reefing and to also make entry, exploration and exiting the ship relatively safe, many older reefed ships should be approached cautiously and if the diver is not “wreck” certified penetration of the wreck should not be attempted.

 (StevenWSmeltzer.com)As an underwater photographer, shipwrecks hold a special fascination to me.  To be able to capture the mystery and character of the ship in a photo is a special challenge.  However, there are those great moments when you are able to get everything just right and the photo seems to come alive.  The ability of a photo to transport the viewer into the image and experience the wonder of the moment is the real test of a truly amazing photo.

Ships sunk for wreck diving (from Wikipedia)

2011

USS Arthur W. Radford (DD-968) Cape May, New Jersey United States

2011

HMAS Adelaide Avoca Beach, New South Wales Australia

2011

USS Kittiwake West Bay, Grand Cayman Cayman Islands

2009

HMAS Canberra Barwon Heads, Victoria Australia

2009

USNS General Hoyt S. Vandenberg (T-AGM-10)Key West, Florida United States

2007

HMNZS Canterbury Bay of Islands New Zealand

2006

Xihwu Boeing 737British Columbia Canada

2005

HMNZS Wellington Wellington New Zealand

2005

HMAS Brisbane Mooloolaba, Queensland Australia

2004

HMS Scylla Whitsand Bay, Cornwall United Kingdom

2004

USS OriskanyFlorida United States

2003

CS Charles L Brown Sint Eustatius Leeward Islands

2003

HMCS Nipigon Quebec Canada

2002

MV DaniaMombasa Kenya

2002

USS Spiegel GroveFlorida United States

2002

HMAS Hobart Yankalilla Bay, South Australia Australia

2001

HMCS Cape BretonBritish Columbia Canada

2001

HMAS PerthAlbany, Western Australia Australia

2000

HMCS YukonSan Diego, California United States

2000

Stanegarth Stoney Cove United Kingdom

2000

HMNZS Waikato Tutukaka New Zealand

1999

HMNZS Tui Tutukaka Heads New Zealand

1995

HMCS SaskatchewanBritish Columbia Canada

1997

HMAS SwanDunsborough, Western Australia Australia

1996

HMCS ColumbiaBritish Columbia Canada

1996

MV Captain Keith Tibbetts (formerly Russian-built Frigate 356) Cayman Brac Cayman Islands

1996

Inganess BayBritish Virgin Islands

1995

HMCS MackenzieBritish Columbia Canada

1992

HMCS ChaudièreBritish Columbia Canada
1991–2001 Wreck Alley – The Marie L, The Pat and The Beata[10] British Virgin Islands

1991

MV G.B. ChurchBritish Columbia Canada

1990

Fontao Durban South Africa

1990

T-Barge Durban South Africa
1987–2000 Wreck Alley San Diego, California United States

1987

USCGC BibbFlorida United States

1987

USCGC DuaneFlorida United States

1981

Doc Poulson

1980

Oro VerdeCayman Islands

1970

Glen Strathallen (sunk to produce a diver training facility) Plymouth United Kingdom

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